African countries urged to tighten polio surveillance:
This article was originally published in Clinica
States neighbouring Botswana are being urged to tighten surveillance for the polio virus, following confirmation of the first case of paralytic poliomyelitis in the country for over a decade. The government, backed by the World Health Organization and other bodies, is preparing an emergency response, featuring heightened nationwide surveillance measures. Wild poliovirus is endemic in six countries - Afghanistan, Egypt, India, Niger, Nigeria and Pakistan - compared with 125 in 1988, when the WHO launched its polio eradication initiative.